Quantitation in Pet Beta Amyloid Imaging

Project: National Science and Technology CouncilNational Science and Technology Council Academic Grants

Project Details


An effective treatment for Alzheimer disease is important since the incidence rate is increasing with age. Beta amyloid (A) plaque is an important characteristic in AD. Therefore, Ais the most significant target for developing AD treatment. A novel PET tracer 18F-AV45 has recently become a standard tracer for imaging amyloid plaque in AD. Quantitation is important for 18F-AV45 imaging in early detection of amyloid plaque deposits, and sensitive treatment monitoring in AD. Conventional quantitation methods for brain imaging applied VOI analysis for compuating binding power of specific uptake ratio within VOIs, or voxel-based analysis for group differentitation. To achieve automation, both methods need the use of a template for standardized spatial normalization. However due to heterogeneous and scattered distribution of the amyloid plaque, amyloid template based on images of normal controls or AD patients is suboptimal, and leads to quantitation errors. Our aims are to propose a novel dual scan protocol for beta amyloid imaging of PET tracer AV45, semi-automatic quantitation methods using the dual scan images, and provide dual functions (biomarkers for AD) from dual scan images of the same study, as well as improving quantitation using partial volume correction for compensating system resolution limitation and the organ atrophy as commonly seen in the brain of AD patients. The assumption of this dual scan protocol is that: early-phase AV45 images might reflect the perfusion information, in additional to the well known of late-phase AV45 images for amyloid distribution. Thus the dual scans from the same AV45 study can provide dual functions simultaneously. Since early phase images are possibly related to perfusion or cerebral glucose metabolism, the uptake pattern will be less sensitive to disease stage and preserve better anatomical information. We will develop templates based on early phase AV45 images, and apply this for quantitation in AV45 imaging. Further quantitation analysis can be constructed from this dual scan protocol. So during the proposed grant period, we will verify the dual scan protocol for AV45 using retrospective dynamic AV45 data and corresponding FDG images, build up a quantitative analysis system based on the proposed dual-scan protocol, and implement quality improving procedures, all possibly without the need of an extra MRI or even FDG scans. In addition, we will also implement partial volume correction method for improving AV45 quantitation degraded by atrophy and partial volume effect. For the first-year grant progress, we have finished the kinetic analysis based on reference model, and the early phase optimization with respect to both R1 and FDG images. The results have been submitted to the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine. So the contribution is to propose a novel dual-scan quantitation procedure for amyloid imaging using a novel PETAV45 tracer, and build up automatic or semi-automatic image quantitation system, and implementation of PVC using the dual scan protocol without the need of a MRI scan. We believe that this is the first and novel work in applying the dual-scan imaging protocol for amyloid imaging quantitation, and significant impact to amyloid imaging could be expected.

Project IDs

Project ID:PC10108-0876
External Project ID:NSC101-2314-B182-061-MY2
Effective start/end date01/08/1231/07/13


  • PET
  • Amyloid Imaging
  • Alzheimer disease
  • Quantitation
  • early phase AV45
  • FDG
  • template


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