To Predict the Responses to Chemoradiotherapy in Patients with Colo-Rectal Cancer by Molecular Markers

  • Chen, Wen-Cheng (PI)
  • Chen, Miao-fen (CoPI)

Project: National Science and Technology CouncilNational Science and Technology Council Academic Grants

Project Details


Colo-Rectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Surgery only achieved 5-year overall survival rates of 40-60% for stage III and less than 10% survival rate for stage IV. In addition to distant metastasis, colo-rectal cancer has a high risk of loco-regional relapse causing significant morbidity. Therefore, exploring more specific molecular markers could allow new insights into the process of colo-rectal turmorigenesis and identification of innovative treatments. Peripheral blood can serve as an ideal sample for molecular diagnosis of cancers. A high- sensitive colormetric membrane array method, used to detect circulating tumor cells was reported in our previous study. We also used the membrane array assay for the detection of colo-rectal cancer. According to our preliminary data, the level of UCP, Peroxiredoxin I and VEGF might be a promising predictor of colo-rectal cancer by membrane array analysis. Human UCP was the E2 family member, and is highly expressed in common human cancers, including colon cancer, compared to normal tissues. According to our previous study, UCP is a significant predictor for esophageal cancer. But its role and mechanism of action in colo-rectal cancer remain relatively unstudied. The overexpression of Prxs is reported to be associated with carcinogenesis in a variety of human cancers. It is suggested that augmented expressions of Prxs proteins in tumor tissues might be responsible for the resistance to chemo- and radiation treatment. We previously reported that Prx I is a potential marker for non-small cell lung cancer and is relevant to the responses to treatment. In the present study, we will further investigate the role of Prx I in col-rectal cancer. Angiogenesis is important for supply of oxygen, nutrients, growth factors and dissemination of tumor cells to distal sites.VEGF is the more potent regulators of angiogenesis. Further characterization of the effects of UCP, VEGF and Prx I will help to clarify its role and its potential as a molecular target for therapeutic intervention in colorectal cancer. Therefore, the first aim in the study is to evaluate the roles of UCP, VEGF and Prx I by in vitro and in vivo experiments. Additionally, in the study, we also aimed to find the significance of UCP, VEGF and Prx I on the treatment response and prognosis by using immunochemical staining analysis for colorectal cancer. The data will provide important information to decide the efficient treatment policy for individualized patient.

Project IDs

Project ID:PC10001-1124
External Project ID:NSC99-2314-B182-035-MY2
Effective start/end date01/08/1131/07/12


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