2013-2014年流感季流感疫苗保護效力評估初探

黃 惠珣, 黃 婉婷, 張 志熙, Chia-Lin Li, 劉 定萍

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

為評估我國季節性流感疫苗保護效力,提供流感防疫政策參考,疾病管制署自2011年起於每流感季期間,與病毒性感染症合約實驗室合作,選定門診院所為監測點,以病例對照研究法,計算當季流感疫苗保護效力。2013–2014年流感季評估結果顯示,對於不分型之流感,疫苗保護效力為51%;以病毒型別而言,對於主要流行之H3N2流感保護效力為71%,A型流感整體保護力51%,B型流感保護效力34%,本結果顯示接種流感疫苗具保護效益,惟未達統計顯著差異。2014-2015流感流行季仍建議民眾接種流感疫苗以有效預防流感。
Since 2011, Taiwan Centers for Disease Control has been using a sentinel approach to estimate the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine (VE) against laboratory-confirmed medically attended influenza patients. The VE estimate for the 2013–2014 influenza season from a test-negative case-control study was 51% overall, 34% against influenza B, 51% against influenza A, and 71% against H3N2, respectively. Results for the 2013–2014 season indicate that vaccination has reduced the risk for influenza-associated medical visits non-significantly. We continue to recommend that eligible groups shall receive the influenza vaccine for the 2014–2015 season to prevent illness from influenza.
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)428-433
Journal疫情報導
Volume30
Issue number21
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Case-control study
  • Influenza
  • Influenza vaccine
  • Srveillance
  • Vaccine effectiveness

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