A bagging ensemble machine learning framework to predict overall cognitive function of schizophrenia patients with cognitive domains and tests.

E Lin, Chia-Hung Lin, HY Lane

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been indicated that the interplay between functional outcomes and cognitive functions in schizophrenia is arbitrated by clinical symptoms, where cognitive functions are evaluated by cognitive domains and cognitive tests. To determine which single cognitive domain or test can best predict the overall cognitive function of schizophrenia, we established a bagging ensemble framework resulting from the analysis of factors such as 7 cognitive domain scores and 11 cognitive test scores of 302 schizophrenia patients in the Taiwanese population. We compared our bagging ensemble framework with other state-of-the-art algorithms such as multilayer feedforward neural networks, linear regression, support vector machine, and random forests. The analysis revealed that among the 7 cognitive domains, the speed of processing domain can best predict the overall cognitive function in schizophrenia using our bagging ensemble framework. In addition, among the 11 cognitive tests, the visual learning and memory test can best predict the overall cognitive function in schizophrenia using our bagging ensemble framework. Finally, among the 7 cognitive domains and 11 cognitive tests, the speed of processing domain can best predict the overall cognitive function in schizophrenia using our bagging ensemble framework. The study implicates that the bagging ensemble framework may provide an applicable approach to develop tools for forecasting overall cognitive function in schizophrenia using cognitive domains and/or cognitive tests.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)103008
JournalAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume69
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

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