A cross-sectional study into the correlation of common household risk factors and allergic rhinitis in Taiwan's tropical environment

Yu Hao Wang, Yu Chieh Wang, Pi Hsiung Wu, Lan Hsu, Chung Yang Wang, Chung Ren Jan, Hsing Hao Su*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To discuss the effect of lesser-known potential risk factors, such as bedroom showers, on the prevalence of allergic rhinitis. Method A cross-sectional, population-based study was performed using both survey and fungal culturing in southern Taiwan. There were 998 participants enrolled in the survey, and 513 sets of fungal culture obtained. With score for allergic rhinitis (SFAR) more than 7, the patient was defined to have allergic rhinitis. Risks of allergic rhinitis were calculated as odds ratios for various predicted risk factors by logistic regression. Correlation between predicted risk factors and fungal level were examined with linear regression. Results The adjusted odds ratio of frequently using bedroom shower to having allergic rhinitis was 1.572 (95% confidence interval: 1.090–2.265), and 0.962 for people with older age to have AR (95% confidence interval: 0.949–0.976). As to the 24-hour fungal level, the standardized coefficient was 0.254 for frequent use of bedroom shower, and 0.106 for window open hours. Conclusions Use of bedroom shower is a potential risk factor for allergic rhinitis development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-140
Number of pages7
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 02 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Hainan Medical University

Keywords

  • Allergens
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Environment
  • Fungi
  • Indoor air quality

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