A multi-stage and multi-supplier inventory model allowing different order quantities

Shu Chin Chang, Ching Ter Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations


This paper addresses a multi-stage inventory model that allows different order quantities among the selected suppliers to obtain the optimal solutions. To achieve the objective of the study, the single-objective and multi-objective methods are adopted for suitable real-world applications. With respect to a single-objective method, this paper aims to minimize the total ordering costs, holding costs, and purchasing costs, subject to the price, quality, and capacity. With respect to a multi-objective method, it focuses on cost minimization, as well as quality and capacity maximization. The proposed model not only considers the allocation of different order quantities among the selected suppliers, but also incorporates the multi-stage inventory problem. Furthermore, a numerical example is provided to illustrate the usefulness of the proposed model and a comparative understanding of various methods. In addition, a simulation test is performed to effectively validate the proposed model which outperforms the previous works. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is carried out to investigate the impact of supply chain cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-625
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Mathematical Modelling
StatePublished - 12 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.


  • Multi-objective programming
  • Multi-stage inventory model
  • Supply chain system


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