A Palais-Smale approach to Lane-Emden equations

Huei li Lin, Weichung Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

4 Scopus citations


We consider the unbounded domain problems - Δ u + u = | u |p - 2 u in Ω, u > 0 in Ω, and u = 0 on ∂Ω, where Ω is an unbounded domain in RN, 2 < p < 2*, 2* = frac(2 N, N - 2) for N > 2, and 2* = ∞ for N = 2. The existence of a ground state solution to the problems is greatly affected by the shape of the domain. To determine the existence of the solutions in a general domain remains a challenge task. For the flat interior flask domain that consists a strip and a ball attached to the bottom of the strip, previous results have asserted the existence of a ground state solution when the diameter of the ball is greater than a positive constant. However, the existence of the solutions when the diameter of the ball equals to the width of the strip is still an important open question. This article resolves the open question partially by considering a variation of the flat interior flask domain, which is formed by attaching a stretched ball to the bottom of the strip.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1220-1237
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 06 2007


  • Lane-Emden equations
  • Palais-Smale conditions
  • Palais-Smale sequences
  • Palais-Smale values
  • Stretched interior flask domain
  • Unbounded domain


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