A pilot evaluation of tibia lead concentrations in Taiwan

Andrew C. Todd*, Neeta R. Ginde, Chi Kung Ho, Jiin Chyuan John Luo, Jill Tolman, Jin Lian Tsai, Trong Neng Wu, Saou Hsing Liou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background The aims of this study were to examine some of the factors that influence tibia lead concentrations, tibia lead x-ray fluorescence measurement uncertainty and blood lead concentrations, and to compare tibia lead concentrations in Taiwanese lead workers to those observed in lead workers from other countries. Methods A pilot evaluation of 43 adult lead workers who underwent measurements of tibia lead and blood lead concentrations. Results Mean and maximum tibia lead concentrations were 54 μg of Pb per g of bone mineral(μg/g) and 193 μg/g, respectively. Mean and maximum blood lead concentrations were 44 μg/dl and 92 μg/dl, respectively. Conclusion Past occupational control of lead exposure in Taiwan, ROC, did not prevent these workers from accumulating tibia lead concentrations greater than those in similar workers elsewhere in the world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-132
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001


  • Blood lead
  • Bone lead
  • Lead poisoning
  • Occupational exposure
  • X-ray fluorescence


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