A Pilot Study for Remote Evaluation of Upper Extremity Motor Function After Stroke: The Arm Capacity and Movement Test (ArmCAM)

Chieh Ling Yang, Lisa A. Simpson, Janice J. Eng

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

IMPORTANCE: A simple measure that can be administered remotely by means of videoconferencing is needed for telerehabilitation.

OBJECTIVE: To develop a valid and reliable measure, the Arm Capacity and Movement Test (ArmCAM), that can be administered remotely by means of videoconferencing to evaluate upper extremity motor function poststroke.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional.

SETTING: Participants' homes.

PARTICIPANTS: A sample of people with stroke (N = 31).

OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Test-retest and interrater reliabilities were assessed through intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), Cohen's κ, standard error of measurement (SEM), and minimal detectable change (MDC). Interrater reliability validity was examined with Pearson and Spearman rank correlation coefficients.

RESULTS: The ArmCAM (range = 0-30) consists of 10 items and takes 15 min to administer with no special equipment except for a computer and internet access. The ICCs for test-retest reliability and interrater reliability were .997 and .993, respectively. The SEM and MDC95 were 0.74 and 2.05 points, respectively. Individual items' test-retest reliability and interrater levels of agreement ranged from .811 to .957 and from .475 to .842, respectively, as measured with Cohen's κ. Correlations between the ArmCAM and the Rating of Everyday Arm-use in the Community and Home scale; the Stroke Impact Scale, hand function domain; the Fugl-Meyer Assessment for upper extremity; and the Action Research Arm Test were good to excellent.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The ArmCAM has good reliability and validity. It is an easy-to-use assessment designed to be administered remotely by means of videoconferencing. What This Article Adds: The ArmCAM is a psychometrically sound instrument that can be easily administered remotely by means of videoconferencing to evaluate upper extremity motor function after stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7701205020
JournalThe American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 01 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Pilot Projects
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Upper Extremity
  • Stroke
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Stroke Rehabilitation

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