Abdominal aortic calcification score can predict future coronary artery disease in hemodialysis patients: A 5-year prospective cohort study

Hung Chih Chen, Wei Ting Wang, Chieh Ning Hsi, Che Yi Chou, Hsuan Jen Lin, Chiu Ching Huang, Chiz Tzung Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) has been known to be associated with cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis. However, the association between AAC and future coronary artery disease (CAD) occurrence is not clear. We aimed to clarify the association of AAC severity and the occurrence of future CAD events in hemodialysis patients. Methods: Hemodialysis (HD) patients were recruited in this prospective cohort study. AAC severity was quantified by AAC score, which was measured by lateral lumbar radiography. We used receiver operation curve (ROC) analysis to find the cutoff AAC value for CAD prediction. CAD-free survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier study. Results: There were 303 patients recruited for study with a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 95 (65-146) months. The AAC score in patients with occurrence of new CAD [9 (3-15.25), n = 114] was higher than in patients without new CAD occurrence [5 (1-9) n = 189], p < 0.001. Multivariate hazard ratio of AAC score for CAD was 1.039 (p = 0.016). ROC study showed that an AAC score of 5.5 had a sensitivity of 0.658 and a specificity of 0.587 in the prediction of new CAD occurrence. Patients with AAC score above 5.5 had significantly higher cumulative incidence of CAD than patients with AAC score below 5.5. Age, diabetes, prior history of CAD, and longer dialysis vintage were major factors associated with higher AAC score. Conclusions: AAC score can predict the occurrence of future CAD events in HD patients. The best cut-off value of AAC score is 5.5. AAC score greater than 5.5 is a reliable abdominal aortic calcification marker, and can predict future CAD in ESRD patients. Major contributive factors for higher AAC score were age, presence of diabetes, prior history of CAD, and longer dialysis vintage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number313
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 08 11 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Abdominal aortic calcification
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Hemodialysis

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