Acupuncture Analgesia in Patients With Traumatic Rib Fractures: A Randomized-Controlled Trial

Chun Ting Liu, Ting Min Hsieh, Bei Yu Wu, Yu Chuen Huang, Chun Han Shih, Wen Long Hu, Ming Yen Tsai*, Yung Hsiang Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pain management for traumatic rib fracture is important to prevent complications and reduce associated comorbidities. This trial investigated the analgesic efficacy of acupuncture on traumatic rib fracture. Patients with traumatic rib fracture were randomly assigned to traditional acupuncture (TA), laser acupuncture (LA) or sham laser acupuncture (SLA) groups in a 1:1:1 ratio. The intervention was performed on days 1 to 3 after treatment allocation. The acupoints included bilateral LI4 (Hegu), SJ6 (Zhigou), ST36 (Zusanli) and GB34 (Yanglingquan). The primary outcome was Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) scores for pain after the intervention. Secondary outcomes included sustained maximal inspiration (SMI) lung volume, stress responses, the use of analgesics, and associated complications. Data were analyzed via one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Scheffé’s post hoc testing or chi-squared testing. Of the 120 study participants, 109 completed all interventions and measurements. The primary outcomes, which indicated average pain intensity levels and pain while deep breathing, were both significantly lower in the TA and LA groups than in the SLA group after 2 treatments. No between-group differences were observed in SMI lung volume, stress response, analgesics use or associated complications. These findings suggest that TA and LA are safe and effective analgesic modalities for pain management for traumatic rib fracture. Clinical Trial Registration: [ClinicalTrials.gov], identifier [NCT03822273].

Original languageEnglish
Article number896692
JournalFrontiers in Medicine
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 05 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Liu, Hsieh, Wu, Huang, Shih, Hu, Tsai and Chen.

Keywords

  • acupuncture
  • acupuncture analgesia
  • laser acupuncture
  • low level laser therapy
  • traumatic rib fracture

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