Altered renal P-450 metabolism of arachidonic acid in Dahl salt-sensitive rats

Y. H. Ma, M. L. Schwartzman, R. J. Roman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

122 Scopus citations


The renal metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA) was compared in male and female prehypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive (SS/Jr) and salt-resistant (SR/Jr) rats maintained on a low (0.3%) sodium chloride diet. Renal cortical microsomes incubated with AA produced 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20- HETE), 14,15- and 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, and a new metabolite of AA, 11,12-epoxy-20-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid. The production of 20-HETE was similar in cortical microsomes of female SS/Jr and SR/Jr rats maintained on a low-salt diet (72 ± 5 vs. 66 ± 3 pmol · min-1 · mg protein-1); however, the formation of epoxygenase metabolites was significantly less in SS/Jr than in SR/Jr rats (45 ± 2 vs. 70 ± 3 pmol · min-1 · mg protein- 1). Outer medullary microsomes produced primarily 20-HETE, and the formation of this compounds was significantly lower in SS/Jr than in SR/Jr female rats fed a low-salt diet (8 ± 2 vs. 18 ± 3 pmol · min-1 · mg protein-1). Renal papillary microsomes produced prostaglandin E2 and F(2α), and the formation of these compound was similar in female SS/Jr and SR/Jr rats fed a low-salt diet. Similar differences in the metabolism of AA by P-450 were observed in microsomes prepared from the renal cortex and outer medulla of male SS/Jr and SR/Jr rats. These results indicate that the renal metabolism of AA by P-450 is altered in prehypertensive Dahl SS/Jr rats; however, the functional significance of this system in resetting renal function and in the development of hypertension in this model remains to be established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R579-R589
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number2 36-2
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • cyclooxygenase
  • epoxyeicosatrienoic acid
  • hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • hypertension
  • kidney
  • prostaglandins


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