An obesity paradox of Asian body mass index after cardiac surgery: Arterial oxygenations in duration of mechanic ventilation

Chiu Hsia Chang, Fan Yen Lee, Chin Chou Wang, Ying Ni Chen, Hsin Chu Chen, Huei Ling Hung, Meng Chih Lin, Shih Feng Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Numerous studies have documented an obesity paradox that overweight of Caucasian patients has better prognosis after cardiac surgery. This study is to examine Asian patients' BMI to see whether an obesity paradox exists in DMV after cardiac surgery. Methods. A retrospective study consisted of 428 patients after cardiac surgery from January 2006 to December 2010 in the medical center of Taiwan. The Asian BMI was divided into 3 groups: under-normal weight patients (BMI < 24; n = 165), overweight patients (BMI 24 to <27; n = 130), and obese patients (BMI ≥ 27; n = 133). Multivariable analysis and paired t were used to compare all variables. Results. Overweight patients were significantly associated with the shortest DMV. Under-normal weight patients had significantly better oxygenations of AaDOand P/F ratio in the DMV; however, they correlated with the longest DMV, older age, more female, lower LVSV, higher BUN, more dialysis-dependent, and poorer outcomes, namely, 1-year mortality, HAP, reintubation, tracheotomy, and LOS. Conclusions. Asian overweight patients after cardiac surgery have better prognosis. Under-normal weight patients have higher risk factors, longer DMV, and poorer outcomes; even though they have better arterial oxygenations, they seem to need better arterial oxygenations for successful weaning ventilator.

Original languageEnglish
Article number426097
JournalThe Scientific World Journal
Volume2013
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

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