Anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies in adults with disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial infections are associated with HLA-DRB1*16:02 and HLA-DQB1*05:02 and the reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus infection

Chih Yu Chi, Chen Chung Chu, Jing Pei Liu, Chia Hao Lin, Mao Wang Ho, Wen Jyi Lo, Po Chang Lin, Hung Jen Chen, Chia Huei Chou, Jia Yih Feng, Chang Phone Fung, Yuh Pyng Sher, Chi Yuan Li, Jen Hsien Wang, Cheng Lung Ku*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

146 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adult patients with disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial (dNTM) infections usually have severe immune system defects. Recently, several studies have shown that anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies may play an important role in the pathogenicity of dNTM infections. A considerable proportion of reported cases of anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies show either clinical or laboratory evidence of autoimmune disease. In the present study, we identified 19 formerly healthy adults who later developed dNTM infections, of whom 17 were further investigated immunologically. High-titer anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies capable of inhibiting IL-12 production in vitro were found in the plasma of all of these patients. In addition to dNTM infection, 35% and 71% of our patients also suffered from salmonellosis and herpes zoster, respectively. This observation suggests that IFN-γ may be crucial in controlling salmonella infection and reactivating latent varicella-zoster virus infection in humans. 2 HLA alleles, DRB1*16:02 DQB1*05:02 (odds ratio = 8.68; 95% confidence interval, 3.47-21.90; P = 1.1 × 10-6; Pc = 3.08 × 10-5 and odds ratio = 7.16; 95% confidence interval, 3.02-17.05; P= 1 × 10-7; Pc = 1.4 × 10-6, respectively), were found in 82% (14 of 17) of our patients. In conclusion, our data suggest that anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of dNTM infections and reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus infection and are associated with HLA-DRB1*16:02 and HLA-DQB1*05:02.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1366
Number of pages10
JournalBlood
Volume121
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 02 2013

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