Antigenemia and cytokine expression in rotavirus gastroenteritis in children

Tsung Han Yu, Chi Neu Tsai, Ming Wei Lai, Chien Chang Chen, Hsun Chin Chao, Che Wei Lin, Cheng Hsun Chiu, Shih Yen Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: Antigenemia is commonly found in children with rotavirus infection, although its clinical significance is undetermined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of antigenemia with clinical manifestations and cytokine profiles in children infected by rotavirus. Methods: In total, 68 children hospitalized with rotavirus gastroenteritis were enrolled. Serum samples were collected for detection of antigenemia and viremia. Clinical, laboratory and demographic data were analyzed. Proinflammatory, Th1 and Th2 cytokines were evaluated by bead-based flow cytometry. Results: Antigenemia and viremia were found in 45.6% (n = 31) and 5.9% (n = 4) of the 68 rotavirus-infected children, respectively. The mean age of the antigenemia group was significantly greater than that of the non-antigenemia group (43.5 vs. 27.3 months; p = 0.034). The antigenemia group had a significantly shorter length of hospitalization (4.8 vs. 5.8 days; p = 0.0354) in comparison with the non-antigenemia group, and antigenemia was inversely associated with the length of hospitalization (β = 0.31, p = 0.021). A significantly higher tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-β level was found in the patients with antigenemia than those without (236.7 vs. 29.2 pg/mL, p = 0.026). The severity of disease and the rate of extra-intestinal manifestations did not differ between the groups. Viremia was associated with a higher fever (p = 0.012). Conclusions: Antigenemia was positively correlated with shorter hospital stay in children with rotavirus infection. Enhanced innate and T-cell-mediated immunity evidenced by up-regulation of TNF-β was found in patients with antigenemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-270
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
Issue number4
StatePublished - 08 2012


  • Antigenemia
  • Cytokine
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Rotavirus
  • Tumor necrosis factor-β


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