Antimicrobial resistance surveillance system mapping in different countries

Ramendra Pati Pandey, Riya Mukherjee, Chung Ming Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objectives: Excessive use of antibiotics has increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR) worldwide, which is a major public concern among the countries. To control this threat proper monitoring of the antimicrobial usage with increasing rate of AMR is required. Moreover, alternatives for antibiotics are surveyed and are being researched for quick use in the future. Thus, multisector intervention is highly encouraged for better out-comes. In this research article, six different European countries are discussed in terms of antimicrobial usage and AMR in human and livestock sectors with the help of literature study and various reports published by different organizations. Methods: Data study has been conducted to collect data for comparison study. Data sources of AMR and anti-microbial usage are analyzed and both antimicrobial use and AMR are compared. Results: This article provides surveillance systems that are formed to keep a track on the upcoming situation of AMR and the consumption of antimicrobials by humans as well as animals. The article firmly allows the readers to get broad information about the AMR across six countries of Europe. These annual reports have hugely helped the gov-ernment to decide for alternatives and have focused in many training activities to combat the AMR situation globally. Conclusion: As antibiotic resistance genes persist on an interface between environment and animal and animal health, an approach is required in all three areas that stress the concept of “One Approach to Health.”.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-48
Number of pages13
JournalDrug Target Insights
Issue number1
StatePublished - 01 01 2022

Bibliographical note

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  • AMR
  • Alternative antibiotics
  • Comparative medicine
  • One Health Approach
  • Phage therapy
  • Surveillance


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