Aqueous rechargeable dual-ion battery based on fluoride ion and sodium ion electrochemistry

Zishuai Zhang, Xiaoqiao Hu, Yu Zhou, Shaofeng Wang, Lingmin Yao, Hui Pan, Ching Yuan Su, Fuming Chen*, Xianhua Hou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

70 Scopus citations


The anion battery system is a new research area in the energy storage field. Herein, a novel aqueous rechargeable dual-ion battery based on fluorine ion and sodium ion electrochemistry is proposed, consisting of bismuth fluoride as the anode, sodium manganese oxides (NMO) as the cathode and aqueous NaF solution as the electrolyte. The bismuth fluoride electrode can electrochemically release/capture fluoride ion in aqueous electrolyte and sodium ion can be de-intercalated/intercalated at the NMO cathode during charge/discharge process. The electrochemical behavior was confirmed by cyclic voltammetry, charge-discharge curves as well as X-ray powder diffraction. The reversible and stable discharge capacity is obtained with a coulombic efficiency of 98.44%. After 40 cycles, the specific capacity can be still maintained at 47.28 mAh g-1 at the current density of 100 mA g-1. The current battery system possesses excellent rate performance. It can operate at 3200 mA g-1 (10.6C) with 82.8% specific capacity as that at 100 mA g-1. This is the first demonstration that the aqueous dual-ion battery can work based on fluoride ion and sodium ion electrochemistry and it will be significant for future energy storage and ion removal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8244-8250
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number18
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


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