Aspiration and transtracheal jet ventilation with different pressures and depths of chest compression

Bruno Jawan*, Hak Kim Cheung, Zu Kong Chong, Si Tung Fung, Ju Hao Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate aspiration prophylaxis during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) using transtracheal jet ventilation (TJV) with different pressure-depths of chest compression and chest compression alone without mechanical ventilation. Design: Prospective, animal study. Setting: Animal research laboratory, Chang Dung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Center, Taiwan. Subjects: Mongrel dogs (n = 10) weighing 8 to 12 kg. Interventions: Eight mongrel dogs were anesthetized, paralyzed, and ventilated transtracheally with a jet ventilator at frequencies varied from 600 to 10 cycles/min. The airway pressures below and above the jetting port were measured. The mouth of the dog was filled with barium and chest radiographs were taken 10 mins after chest compression with 20-pound pressure and 5-cm depth in group 1 and 10-pound pressure and 3-cm depth in group 2 at each different jet frequency. Two additional dogs underwent the same procedures but received only chest compression without TJV. Measurements and Main Results: Pulmonary aspiration was not noted in the chest radiographs from either group. The airway pressure changes between groups were not significantly affected by difference in pressures and depths of chest compression at the same jetting frequency. However, pulmonary aspiration occurred in the two dogs that received chest compression alone without TJV. Conclusions: Application of TJV during chest compression with different pressures and depths caused no pulmonary aspiration in dogs at frequencies between 690 and 10 cycles/min. The protection against aspiration disappeared if the dogs received only chest compression without TJV. The mechanism of preventing pulmonary aspiration in TJV is thought to be due to forceful unidirectional gas outflow through the larynx and higher airway pressure in the carina than in the upper airway. The airway pressures were not affected by different chest compression pressures and depths because the larynx stayed open during TJV and the air outflow could freely move out without increasing the pressure in the airway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-145
Number of pages4
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animal
  • Aspiration, radiograph
  • Chest
  • Complication
  • Dogs
  • Lungs
  • Pressure-depth compression
  • Transtracheal jet ventilation
  • Ventilation

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