Attenuation of primary nonfunction for syngeneic islet graft using sodium 4-phenylbutyrate

S. H. Fu, S. T. Chen, B. R.S. Hsu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

2 Scopus citations


Sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-SPB), an aromatic derivative of butyric acid, was examined to elucidate its effect on islet engraftment in a syngeneic transplantation model using C57BL/6 mice. Diabetic mice that received subrenal implantation of 150 islets on day 0 and oral administration of twice daily 4-SPB (500 mg/kg body weight) on days -2 through 28 displayed a significantly shorter duration of posttransplantation temporary hyperglycemia than diabetic mice that received islets in isotonic sodium chloride solution (NaCl), namely 16 ± 2 (n = 12) vs 23 ± 2 days (n = 7; P <. 05). Four weeks after transplantation, the insulin content (IC) of grafts from mice treated with islets and 4-SPB was substantially higher than that of grafts from mice treated with islets and NaCl, namely 2.59 ± 0.37 (n = 8) vs 1.36 ± 0.36 μg (n = 13; P <. 01). The IC of pancreatic remnants showed no significant difference between groups after 2 and 4 weeks of incubation. In vitro studies demonstrated that the net glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and the ratio of net GSIS to the IC of islets cultured with 4-SPB (1 mM) did not differ significantly from those cultured with NaCl. The lipopolysaccharide-stimulated secretions of IL-1β, IL-10, and IFNγ from peritoneal exudate monocytes were significantly reduced by co-incubation with 4-SPB (1 mM). In conclusion, our data suggest that daily administration of 4-SPB reduces primary nonfunction and enhances islet engraftment in a syngeneic mouse transplantation model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1830-1831
Number of pages2
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number4
StatePublished - 05 2005
Externally publishedYes


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