Bacteremia following postoperative choledochofiberscopy - A prospective study

M. F. Chen*, Y. Y. Jan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

13 Scopus citations


Background/Aims: The following investigation was undertaken in order to determine the frequency and clinical consequences of bacteremia after postoperative choledochofiberscopy. Materials and methods: A total of 100 patients were prospectively studied for the frequencies of bacteremia after postoperative choledochoscopy. Results: Positive blood culture were obtained in 15%; at 5-minutes period in seven patients, at 15-minutes in eight patients and at 30-minutes in two patients. There were two patients with positive cultures at 5 minutes and 10 minutes periods. All the bacteria species cultured were aerobes. Enterococcus, E-coli and Klebsilla were the most commonly cultured bacteria. The frequencies of occurrence of bacteremia seemed not to influenced by the existence of residual stones, session of the endoscopy and duration of the procedure. Six of the 15 bacteremic patients developed cholangitis within 24 hours of the procedure. They all recovered with antibiotic treatment. Patients with negative blood cultures were not found with cholangitic symptoms after the postoperative choledochoscopy. Conclusion: The results of our study indicated that fifteen percent of patients undergoing postoperative choledochoscopy are associated with bacteremia. We believe that with adequate aseptic preparation and meticulous, gentle manipulation, routine prophylactic antibiotics may not be necessary for postoperative choledochoscopy in selected conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-589
Number of pages4
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Bacteremia
  • Postoperative choledochofiberscopy


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