Biosorption and biodegradation of a sulfur dye in high-strength dyeing wastewater by Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans

Thai Anh Nguyen, Chun Chieh Fu, Ruey Shin Juang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

54 Scopus citations


The ability of the bacterial strain Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans to remove sulfur blue 15 (SB15) dye from water samples was examined. This bacterium could not only oxidize sulfur compounds to sulfuric acid but also promote the attachment of the cells to the surface of sulfidic particles, therefore serving as an efficient biosorbent. The biosorption isotherms were better described by the Langmuir equation than by the Freundlich or Dubinin-Radushkevich equation. Also, the biosorption process followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics. At pH 8.3 and SB15 concentrations up to 2000 mg L−1 in the biomass/mineral salt solution, the dye removal and decolorization were 87.5% and 91.4%, respectively, following the biosorption process. Biodegradation was proposed as a subsequent process for the remaining dye (250–350 mg L−1). A central composite design was used to analyze independent variables in the response surface methodology study. Under the optimal conditions (i.e., initial dye concentration of 300 mg L−1, initial biomass concentration of 1.0 g L−1, initial pH of 11.7, and yeast extract dose of 60 mg L−1), up to 50% of SB15 was removed after 4 days of biodegradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-271
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
StatePublished - 01 11 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd


  • Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans
  • Biodegradation
  • Biosorption
  • Dyeing wastewater
  • Sulfur dye


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