Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Downregulates Expression of Inducible Nitride Oxide Synthase and Caspase-3 after Intestinal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats

Chih Cheng Luo, Chen Sheng Huang, Yung Ching Ming, Shih Ming Chu, Hsun Chin Chao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Various investigations have demonstrated that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays an important role in mediating ischemic preconditioning. CGRP has been shown to mimic the protective effects of ischemic preconditioning and mitigate ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in the heart, brain, gastrointestinal system, and other tissues. This study aimed to examine whether CGRP, a proven intestinal cytoprotective molecule, exerted its protective effects through modulation of inducible nitride oxide synthase (iNOS) and apoptosis after intestinal I/R injury. Methods This animal study randomly divided 30 rats into the following five groups: (1) the normal control group, (2) the ischemia group with normal saline, (3) the I/R group with normal saline, (4) the ischemia group with CGRP (300 μg/kg), and (5) the I/R group with CGRP (300 μg/kg). Levels of iNOS messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein, and caspase-3 protein were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analyses, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance with Dunn test. Results The mRNA levels of iNOS increased after the intestinal ischemia or intestinal reperfusion phase (p < 0.01), and CGRP pretreatment significantly decreased iNOS mRNAs and protein levels (p < 0.01). The expression protein levels of caspase-3 increased after the intestinal ischemia or intestinal reperfusion phase. CGRP pretreatment significantly decreased the levels of caspase-3 proteins. CGRP intestinal cytoprotection is mediated, in part, by downregulation of expression of iNOS and caspase-3 after intestinal I/R injury. Conclusion The study indicates that the cytoprotective role of CGRP (i.e., antiapoptotic effect) after I/R injury could be via downregulation of iNOS, which may relieve I/R tissue damage by blocking iNOS activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-479
Number of pages6
JournalPediatrics and Neonatology
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 12 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016

Keywords

  • calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • caspase-3
  • inducible nitride oxide synthase
  • ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • small intestine

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