Changes in anti-müllerian hormone after ultrasound guided aspiration and ethanol sclerotic therapy of ovarian cyst

Lulu Huang, Ming-Yang Chang*, Chii Shin Shiau, T'sang T.ang Hsieh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the effect of transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration and ethanol sclerotherapy on anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) in patients with ovarian endometriomas. Setting: Teaching hospital affiliated with Chang Gung University, Taipei. Material and methods: We retrospectively reviewed 124 patients, with ovarian endometriomas who underwent transvaginal aspiration and sclerotherapy of endometrioma(s) at a tertiary medical center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Preoperative evaluation included AMH, midcycle serum CA-125 level, and ultrasonography to exclude possibility of malignancies. Patients underwent ultrasonographic guided transvaginal aspiration and sclerotherapy with 95% ethanol irrigation of the cystic cavity. Patients were grouped into group 1, n = 44, retention of ethanol, and group 2, n = 80, no retention. Serum AMH level was checked at 6 months after aspiration. Those who were infertile prior to therapy were followed up for subsequent pregnancies (either by assisted reproductive technologies, or by natural conception). Results: The mean pre-operative AMH levels for the group without retention of ethanol and with ethanol retention were 3.80 and 3.06 respectively (p > 0.05). The change in AMH at 6-month follow up for retained group patients was significantly more than for non-retained group patients, with mean decrease of 0.72 (23.6%) and 0.10 (2.7%) respectively (p < 0.05). 54.5% (retained) and 47.2% (non-retained) of patients failed to achieve pregnancy during the observation period. Conclusions: Transvaginal aspiration of endometriomas followed by sclerotherapy with ethanol can be effective in preserving ovarian reserve, provided that no ethanol is left in situ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-512
Number of pages4
JournalTaiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 05 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Anti-müllerian hormone
  • Endometrioma
  • Ovarian aspiration
  • Ovarian reserve
  • Sclerotherapy


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