Characterization of a strain-specific monoclonal antibody to hepatitis delta virus antigen

Sheng Chieh Hsu, Ho Pi Lin, Jaw Ching Wu, Kai Liang Ko, I. Jane Sheen, Bo Shiun Yan, Chen Kung Chou, Wan Jr Syu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

12 Scopus citations


Sequences of the hepatitis delta virus (HDV) vary to different degrees among isolates. A monoclonal antibody, designated as HP6A1, against the antigen of HDV (HDAg) has been characterized for its specificity. HP6A1 bound to HDAg of isolate 25 (genotype I) that was used for immunization, but not to others of both genotypes I and II. The epitope recognized by HP6A1 was then determined by a phage library displaying various heptapeptides. A consensus peptide deduced has the best match with that of residues 4-10 of HDAg (isolate 25). To confirm the phage mapping result, Escherichia coli recombinant proteins containing different lengths and various segments of HDAg (isolate 25) were constructed. The shortest HDAg segment contained in the fusion protein that reacted with HP6A1 was residues 1-10. When this peptide was added to the N-terminus of a heterologous protein engineered for eucaryotic expression, the fusion protein was detected by HP6A1. It is concluded that HP6A1 recognizes an epitope located at the N-terminus of HDAg (isolate 25). Since viruses of quasi-species exist in natural infections, a question of how different viral strains interact in vivo remains to be explored. The highly specific MAb opens a possibility to examine the fate of one strain in the presence of other related species in a cell transfection system. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 06 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Epitope mapping
  • Hepatitis D virus
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Phage display


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