Chemical constituents and pharmacology of the Formosan Aristolochia species

Amooru G. Damu, Ping Chung Kuo, Yann Lii Leu, Yu Yi Chan, Tian Shung Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Aristolochia is an important genus widely cultivated and used in traditional Chinese medicine. The genus has attracted much interest and has been the subject of numerous chemical studies. In the last twelve years, all the Formosan species of Aristolochia have been investigated by our group for their chemical constituents and biological activities. They are sources of a number of physiologically active compounds of different classes, and various types of phenanthrene derivatives, terpenes, alkaloids, flavonoids, lignoids, benzenoids, and steroids have been isolated from Formosan Aristolochia species. The nature of these constituents is compiled in this review together with their bioactivities in an effort to show the rapid development in the phytochemistry and the therapeutic applications of the Aristolochia species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-33
Number of pages33
JournalChinese Pharmaceutical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 02 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Antitumor activity
  • Aristolochia cucurbitifolia
  • Aristolochia elegans
  • Aristolochia foveolata
  • Aristolochia heterophylla
  • Aristolochia kaempferi
  • Aristolochia zollingeriana
  • Aristolochic acid derivatives
  • Formosan Aristolochia species
  • Sesquiterpenes


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