Clinical characteristics of optic neuritis in Taiwanese children

M. H. Sun, Huei-Shyong Wang, K. J. Chen, W. W. Su, P. Y. Hsueh, Ken-Kuo Lin, L. Y. Kao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

PurposeTo document the etiology, clinical presentation, and visual prognosis of optic neuritis in Taiwanese children.MethodsRetrospectively reviewed children younger than 18 years old with optic neuritis in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung Childrens Hospital from 1998 to 2009.ResultsThere were 24 children (38 eyes) with optic neuritis in that period. Overall, 14 patients (58.3%) were female and 10 patients (41.7%) were male. In total, 14 patients (58.3%) had bilateral involvement, and 10 patients (41.7%) had unilateral involvement. Out of 38 eyes, 24 (63.2%) had disc swelling. Out of 24 patients, 21 (87.5%) underwent intravenous steroid therapy (10 to 30 mg/kg/day) for 3-5 days, and followed by an oral taper. Out of 24 patients, 20 (83.3%) achieved final visual acuity (VA) of 20/40 or better. However, a poor visual outcome (four patients) (VA<20/40) was correlated with pale disc at presentation (P=0.002, Pearson χ2-test) and age older than 10 years (P=0.012, Fishers exact test). Five patients were diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) (21%), and three patients were diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) (12.5%). Patients with ADEM did not have a better visual outcome than patients with MS (P=0.643, Fishers exact test).ConclusionsVisual recovery from optic neuritis was favorable in Taiwanese children. A poor visual outcome was correlated with pale disc at presentation and patients age older than 10 years. ADEM is the most common associated systemic disease; MS is relatively rare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1464
Number of pages8
JournalEye (Basingstoke)
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 2011

Keywords

  • ADEM
  • children
  • optic neuritis

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