Clinical impact of and contributing factors to urinary incontinence in women 5 years after first delivery

Ching Chung Liang, Ming Ping Wu, Shu Jen Lin, Yu Jr Lin, Shuenn-Dyh Chang, Hui Hsuan Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of and contributing factors to urinary incontinence (UI) in women 5 years after their first birth and to evaluate the associations of UI with delivery mode and quality of life. Methods: Between 2005 July and 2006 March, primiparous women who delivered at term in a tertiary hospital were recruited into this cohort study. Immediately postpartum, the women completed a structured urogynecological questionnaire regarding lower urinary tract symptoms. Then the same urogynecological questionnaire, the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7), and the Urinary Distress Inventory (UDI-6) were mailed to them 5 years later to follow up on UI. Three hundred and twelve women responding to the mailed questionnaires were included in the analyses. Results: The prevalence 5 years after first delivery of stress (SUI) and urge (UUI) UI were 43.6 % and 19.2 %, respectively. Women with UI during their first pregnancy were more likely to develop UI 5 years postpartum than those without it; women who delivered their first child vaginally had a greater incidence of UI than those having cesarean birth; UUI in women following cesarean delivery more negatively impacted emotional health than it did following vaginal birth, whereas the impact of SUI did not significantly differ between delivery groups. Conclusions: UI during the first pregnancy and vaginal delivery in primiparous women may predict an increased risk of having UI 5 years after delivery. UUI adversely affected women's emotional health, especially in those undergoing cesarean section.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lower urinary tract symptoms
  • Postpartum
  • Pregnancy
  • Urinary incontinence

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