Clinical utility of mean platelet volume and immature platelet fraction in acute coronary syndrome

Hsien Li Huang, Chih Hung Chen*, Chia Te Kung, Yi Chen Li, Pei Hsun Sung, Huey Ling You, Yu Hung Lin, Wan Ting Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Platelets play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Patients with ACS have an increased mean platelet volume (MPV) and immature platelet fraction (IPF) resulting in elevation of thrombotic ability. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of MPV and IPF in identifying suspected ACS patients at emergency department. Moreover, we investigated the correlation between MPV or IPF with initial troponin I (TnI), one of the current ACS biomarkers. Methods: This was a single-center study recruiting suspected ACS patients who had acute chest pain at the emergency department. Whole blood samples were obtained from all participants and MPV and IPF were measured by Sysmex XE-5000 hematology analyzer within 20 min of blood sampling. The diagnostic values of MPV and IPF in identifying ACS were analyzed retrospectively. Result: In this study, 63 in 104 suspected ACS patients were diagnosed as ACS (65.3%). MPV and IPF were higher in ACS patients compared to non-ACS patients (MPV: 10.7 ± 0.80 fL vs 10.0 ± 0.64 fL, p < 0.001; IPF: 3.7 ± 2.64% vs 3.1 ± 2.69%, p = 0.030). MPV and IPF were similar in unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction patients. We showed that elevation of MPV could be an independent predictive factor of ACS (odds ratio: 5.038). At the optimal cut-off value of 10.55 fL (AUC 95% CI: 0.637–0.836), the diagnostic performance of MPV in predicting ACS had an area under a receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.736 with sensitivity and specificity of 54.2% and 82.8%, respectively. Patients with both of initial TnI and MPV higher than the established cut-off value had increased incidence (3.792 fold) for ACS development compared to patients with TnI below the cut-off value. Furthermore, diagnosing ACS with both MPV and initial TnI increased the positive predictive value from 84.2% to 86.7%. No correlation was observed between MPV or IPF and the mortality rate of ACS patients (MPV: 3.8% vs 11.1%, p = 0.300; IPF: 12.0% vs 37.5%, p = 0.054). Conclusion: Here we show that ACS patients have higher MPV and IPF compared to non-ACS patients. We further demonstrate that MPV can be utilized as an independent predictor for early diagnosis of low-risk ACS patients who have acute chest pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalBiomedical Journal
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 04 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Chang Gung University

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Immature platelet fraction
  • Mean platelet volume
  • Troponin I

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