Collagen glycation alters neovascularization in vitro and in vivo

Megan E. Francis-Sedlak, Monica L. Moya, Jung Ju Huang, Stephanie A. Lucas, N. Chandrasekharan Nivedita, Jeffery C. Larson, Ming Huei Cheng*, Eric M. Brey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microvascular network formation is required for the success of many therapies in regenerative medicine. The process of vessel assembly is fundamentally altered, however, in many people within the potential patient population, including the elderly and people with diabetes. Significant research has been performed to determine how cellular dysfunction contributes to this inadequate neovascularization, but alterations in the extracellular matrix (ECM) may also influence this process. Glycation of ECM proteins, specifically type I collagen, increases as people age and is accelerated due to uncontrolled diabetes. This glycation results in increased ECM stiffness and resistance to degradation. The goal of this research is to determine whether collagen glycation consistent with changes in aged (defined as people older than 80 years old) and diabetic individuals influences neovascularization. Collagen gels that were incubated in glucose-6-phopshate (G6P) for varying times exhibited cross-linking (26.2±8.1% and 31.3±5.6% for incubation in 375 mM G6P for 5 and 8 days, respectively), autofluorescence, and advanced glycation end product levels (666±481 and 2122±501 pmol/mg protein for 5 and 8 days of 375 mM G6P, respectively) consistent with aged and diabetic populations. Three-dimensional culture models showed that sprouting angiogenesis was delayed in collagen gels with high levels of glycation. When implanted in vivo, glycated gels were degraded (44.4±4.2% and 49.5±11.7% nondegraded gel remaining for gels incubated for 5 and 8 days in 375 mM G6P, respectively) and vascularized (75.5±32.0 and 73.7±23.6 vessels/mm2) more slowly than controls (22.3±9.9% gel remaining and 133.3±31.0 vessels/mm2). These results suggest that glycation of collagen can alter neovascularization and may contribute to alterations in vessel assembly observed as people age and due to diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-9
Number of pages7
JournalMicrovascular Research
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 07 2010

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Collagen
  • Diabetes
  • Glycation
  • Neovascularization

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