Comparative serum proteome expression of osteonecrosis of the femoral head in adults

Re Wen Wu, Feng Sheng Wang, Jih Yang Ko*, Ching Jen Wang, Shin Long Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a skeletal disorder characterized by ischemic deterioration, bone marrow edema and eventually femoral head collapse. The systemic regulation of ONFH in adult patients has not been examined. Serum proteomic is an innovative tool that potentially detects simultaneous expressions of serum proteins in pathological contexts. We compared the serum proteome profiles of 11 adult patients with ONFH (3 females and 8 males) and 11 healthy volunteers (3 females and 8 males). The proteins in the aliquots of sera were subjected to isoelectric focusing, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and silver staining. The protein spots were matched and quantified using an imaging analysis system. The differentially expressed protein spots were subjected to in-gel trypsin digestion. The peptide mass fingerprints were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF) and a bioinformation search. We found that ONFH patients showed significantly higher abundances of kininogen 1 variant, complement factor C3 precursor, and complement factor H and lower levels of antithrombin III chain B, apolipoprotein A--IV precursor, and gelsolin isoform α precursor. These proteins of interest were reported to modulate thrombotic/fibrinolytic reactions, oxidative stress, vessel injury, tissue necrosis or cell apoptosis in several tissue types under pathological contexts. Taken together, the occurrence of ONFH was associated with various serum protein expressions. Our high--throughput serum proteomic findings indicated that multiple pathological reactions presumably occurred in ONFH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalBone
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 09 2008

Keywords

  • Femoral head
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Proteome
  • Serum

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