Comparison of dynamic compression plating and reamed intramedullary nailing in the treatment of aseptic tibial shaft nonunions.

C. C. Wu*, C. H. Shih

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Among 105 tibial shaft aseptic nonunions followed for a mean of 32 months, 30 were treated with dynamic compression plating and 75 were treated with either Küntscher or Grosse-Kempf interlocking intramedullary nailing. With the plating technique, the union rate was 90.0% (27/30), the period of time to union was 5.2 +/- 1.7 months, the complication rate was 16.7% (5/30), the infection rate was 13.3% (4/30), and the surgical time was 110 +/- 30 minutes. With the intramedullary nailing technique, the union rate was 93.3% (70/75), the period of time to union was 5.0 +/- 1.6 months, the complication rate was 17.3% (13/75), the infection rate was 13.3% (10/75), and the surgical time was 70 +/- 30 minutes. Thus, while the union rate was high with both techniques, the complication rate also was high, especially deep infection. However, the technique for nailing was simpler and required less surgical time than plating (p less than 0.001). With open reamed intramedullary nailing, a higher infection rate was noted in the cases initially treated with an external fixator than for cases in which other forms of treatment initially were used (p less than 0.05).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalContemporary orthopaedics
Volume28
Issue number1
StatePublished - 01 1994
Externally publishedYes

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