Connectome analysis of brain functional network alterations in breast cancer survivors with and without chemotherapy

Vincent Chin Hung Chen, Kai Yi Lin, Yuan Hsiung Tsai, Jun Cheng Weng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Treatment modalities for breast cancer, the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide, include surgery, radiotherapy, adjuvant chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormonal therapy. The advancement in medical technology has facilitated substantial reduction in breast cancer mortality. However, patients may experience cognitive impairment after chemotherapy. This phenomenon called chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment (i.e., “chemobrain”) is common among breast cancer survivors. However, cognitive function deficits may exist before chemotherapy initiation. This study examined the functional network alterations in breast survivors by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Methods We recruited 172 female participants and separated them into three groups: C+ (57 breast cancer survivors who had finished 3–12-month-long chemotherapy), C- (45 breast cancer survivors who had not undergone chemotherapy), and HC (70 participants with no breast cancer history). We analyzed mean fractional amplitudes of low-frequency fluctuation and graph theoretical topologies from resting-state fMRI and applied network-based analysis to portray functional changes among the three groups. Results Among the three groups, the C- group demonstrated hyperactivity in the prefrontal cortex, bilateral middle temporal gyrus, right inferior temporal gyrus and right angular gyrus. Only the left caudate demonstrated significantly more hypoactivity in the C- group than in the C+ group. Graph theoretical analysis demonstrated that the brains of the C+ group became inclined toward regular networks and the brains of the C- group became inclined toward random networks. Conclusion Subtle alterations were noted in the brain activity and networks of our cancer survivors. Moreover, functional network disruptions occurred regardless of chemotherapeutic agent administration.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0232548
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 05 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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