Consensus: New methodologies for brain stimulation

Ying Zu Huang, Martin Sommer, Gary Thickbroom, Masashi Hamada, Alvero Pascual-Leonne, Walter Paulus, Joseph Classen, Angel V. Peterchev, Abraham Zangen, Yoshikazu Ugawa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations


We briefly summarized several new stimulation techniques. There are many new methods of human brain stimulation, including modification of already known methods and brand-new methods. In this article, we focused on theta burst stimulation (TBS), repetitive monophasic pulse stimulation, paired- and quadri-pulse stimulation, transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), paired associative stimulation, controllable pulse shape TMS (cTMS), and deep-brain TMS. For every method, we summarized the state of the art and discussed issues that remain to be addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-13
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Stimulation
Issue number1
StatePublished - 01 2009


  • alternating current stimulation
  • monophasic and biphasic pulses
  • paired and quadri-pulse stimulation
  • theta burst stimulation
  • transcranial magnetic stimulation


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