Cooperate to play: How in-game cooperation knowledge impacts online gamer loyalty

Thi Tuan Linh Pham, Tzu Ling Huang, Gen Yih Liao*, Yu Jen Chou, T. C.E. Cheng*, Ching I. Teng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations


Online games are prominent computer applications worldwide. Gamers form teams to cooperate to achieve gaming goals. If gamers do not have in-game cooperation knowledge, they may find it difficult to integrate into gaming groups (e.g., teams and communities), which may further undermine their loyalty toward online games. Nevertheless, little is known about how in-game cooperation knowledge forms online gamer loyalty, indicating a research gap. This gap hinders game makers from effectively allocating resources to strengthen gamer loyalty. Based on social capital theory, we develop a model to fill this gap. We collected 3036 responses from online gamers and used hierarchical regression to analyze the data. We find that cooperation knowledge, team participation experience, and gaming community identification are positively related to online gamer loyalty. Moreover, cooperation knowledge strengthens the relationship between team participation experience and loyalty. Overall, our findings uniquely inform game providers that gamers’ cooperation knowledge not only directly strengthens gamer loyalty but also amplifies the positive impact of team participation experience on loyalty.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107686
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
StatePublished - 06 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Cooperation
  • Identification
  • Loyalty
  • Online game
  • Structural equation modeling
  • Survey


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