Cord blood IgE predicts allergic sensitization, elevation of exhaled nitric oxide, and asthma in schoolchildren

Hsin Ju Lee, Hui Ju Tsai, Hsin Yi Huang, Chun Chun Gau, Chia Hua Ho, Jing Long Huang*, Tsung Chieh Yao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Few data are available in Asian children regarding the validity of cord blood immunoglobulin E (IgE) in predicting allergic sensitization and pulmonary function. The relationship between cord blood IgE and fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) remains unknown. This study investigated the associations of cord blood IgE with allergic sensitization, FeNO, pulmonary function, and allergic diseases in Asian children. Methods: Five hundred and sixty-six Asian children with valid cord blood IgE measurements at birth participated a 6-year follow-up visit including a questionnaire, serum total and allergen-specific IgE, FeNO measurement, and spirometry. Regression-based analyses with covariates adjustment were applied. Results: Cord blood IgE levels were significantly associated with FeNO levels (β = 0.131, p <.001) and serum total IgE levels (β = 0.325, p <.001). Cord blood IgE levels were positively associated with allergic sensitization (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.22, p <.001), and sensitization to mites (p =.002), animals (p =.023), and foods (p =.048). Subjects with cord blood IgE ≥0.24 kU/L (the optimal cutoff) were significantly associated with an increased risk of allergic sensitization (AOR = 2.63, p <.001) and asthma (AOR = 2.35, p =.024) than those with cord blood IgE <0.24 kU/L. Subjects with cord blood IgE ≥0.24 kU/L had significantly higher FeNO levels than those with cord blood IgE <0.24 kU/L (p =.028). There were no significant associations between cord blood IgE levels and pulmonary function parameters. Conclusion: Cord blood IgE ≥0.24 kU/L predicts allergic sensitization, FeNO elevation, and asthma among Asian schoolchildren, suggesting cord blood IgE would be useful for identifying newborns at risk of subsequent allergic sensitization and allergic airway inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13838
JournalPediatric Allergy and Immunology
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 08 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology published by European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • allergic sensitization
  • asthma
  • cord blood IgE
  • exhaled nitric oxide
  • pulmonary function

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