Cross-resistance to death ligand-induced apoptosis in cisplatin-selected HeLa cells associated with overexpression of DDB2 and subsequent induction of cFLIP

Chun Ling Sun, Chuck C.K. Chao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work reports the involvement of damaged DNA-binding protein 2 (DDB2), a component involved in the genomic repair of UV damage, in the cross-resistance of cisplatin-selected cell lines to death ligand-mediated apoptosis. The cisplatin-resistant cell line (HR3) exhibits enhanced expression of DDB2 and cross-resistance to UV-induced activation of apoptosis and caspases. This investigation further demonstrates that HR3 cells also exhibited cross-resistance to death ligands [Fas-inducing antibody and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α]. Depletion of the elevated DDB2 in HR3 cells sensitizes Fas-inducing antibody-induced and TNF-α-induced apoptosis. In contrast, the overexpression of DDB2 induces cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein (cFLIP) expression and further attenuates death ligand-induced apoptosis. Moreover, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and reporter assay indicated that DDB2 could increase both endogenous and exogenous cFLIP mRNA levels. Accordingly, the elimination of cFLIP by anti-sense oligonucleotides suppresses DDB2 protection. These findings reveal that DDB2 regulates TNF signaling-mediated apoptosis via cFLIP and contributes to acquired cross-resistance. DDB2, while participating in DNA repair, functions as a negative regulator of apoptosis and may therefore have a pivotal role in regulating immune response and cancer-therapeutic efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1307-1314
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume67
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 04 2005

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