Davallia bilabiata exhibits anti-angiogenic effect with modified MMP-2/TIMP-2 secretion and inhibited VEGF ligand/receptors expression in vascular endothelial cells

Chun Ting Liu, Kuo Wei Bi, Chao Chun Huang, Hsiao Ting Wu, Hui Ya Ho, Jong Hwei S. Pang*, Sheng Teng Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance Davallia bilabiata Hosokawa (D. bilabiata), also called GuSuiBu, is popularly used as a substitute for Drynaria fortunei J. Sm for rheumatoid and degenerative arthritis in traditional Chinese medicine. Little is known about the underlying mechanisms of anti-angiogenesis responsible for arthritis in D. bilabiata which needs to be elucidated. Aim of the study The present study is intended to investigate the anti-angiogenic effect of D. bilabiata associated with the modulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and down regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) ligand/receptors both in vivo and in vitro. Materials and methods We investigated the potential anti-angiogenic effect of D. bilabiata by the in vivo neovascularization of chick chorioallantoic membranes (CAM) assay, and the in vitro migration and matrix-induced tube formation assay using human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). The expressions of MMP-2, TIMP-2, RECK and VEGF/VEGFR were analyzed by real-time RT-PCR or Western blot method. Results One major compound from water extract of D. bilabiata was identified as Epicatechin 3-O-β-D-allopyranoside. D. bilabiata was confirmed to inhibit in vivo angiogenesis by CAM assay. D. bilabiata also exhibited in vitro anti-angiogenic and anti-regrowth effects as demonstrated by tube formation assay, transwell migration assay and wound healing assay. The mRNA expressions of MMP-2, and MMP-14 were decreased. On the contrary, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with kazal motifs (RECK) were increased by D. bilabiata. The extracellular MMP-2 activity was found to be reduced both in vitro and in vivo by D. bilabiata as determined by gelatin zymography. Results from western blot analysis and ELISA further demonstrated the decrease of MMP-2 and increase of TIMP-2 secretion after D. bilabiata treatment. The gene expressions of VEGF-A, -B, -C, -D and VEGFR-1, -2, -3 were all inhibited by D. bilabiata. Conclusion We concluded that the anti-angiogenic effect of D. bilabiata was associated with the decreased MMP-2 activity mediated by the upregulation of TIMP-2 and RECK, and the suppression of VEGF/VEGFRs expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-224
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Volume196
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 01 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Davallia bilabiata
  • Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)
  • VEGFRs
  • VEGFs

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