Design of Downlink Synchronization for Millimeter Wave Cellular System Based on Multipath Division Multiple Access

Kang Lun Chiu*, Pai Hsiang Shen, Bing Ru Lin, Wei Han Hsiao, Shyh Jye Jerry Jou, Chia Chi Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

5 Scopus citations


This work focuses on the design of downlink receiver for future generation cellular systems. In the multipath division multiple access (MDMA) system, the initial synchronization process includes timing and carrier frequency synchronization as well as home cell search. For the proposed system, the user data is transmitted in time domain and the cell search is based on control signals transmitted in frequency domain simultaneously. Firstly, this paper presents a novel architecture for the joint detection and estimation of both the coarse symbol boundary and the fractional carrier frequency offset based on cyclic prefix in time domain. Secondly, a robust integer carrier frequency offset detection is performed with the primary control tone in frequency domain. Moreover, the position of the secondary control tones is used to obtain the cell ID. Finally, the preamble sequence carried by the secondary control tones is used to detect frame header through differential detection. The simulation results show the proposed synchronization algorithms can achieve detection failure rate less than 1% and the normalized residual carrier frequency offset is less than 5% under the interference of user data. Furthermore, a hardware design targeted at 200 Mbps per-user data rate is realized with memory arbiter to share memory.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9086764
Pages (from-to)3211-3223
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Issue number9
StatePublished - 09 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2004-2012 IEEE.


  • Cellular system
  • massive antennas
  • millimeter wave (mmWave)
  • multipath division multiple access (MDMA)
  • user equipment (UE) synchronization


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