Detection of congenital mullerian duct anomalies using three- dimensional ultrasound

Meng Hsing Wu, Chao Chin Hsu*, Ko En Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

135 Scopus citations


Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of 3- dimensional sonography in the diagnosis of congenital mullerian duct anomalies, which cause infertility, preterm labor, and first trimester abortion. Methods. A prospective study was undertaken in which 40 patients with histories of repeated spontaneous abortions or infertility were first examined using conventional 2-dimensional sonography or hysterosalpingography. Three-dimensional transvaginal sonography was then performed. Results. Twenty-eight women had mullerian duct abnormalities, and 12 women had normal uterine anatomy. Mullerian duct defects detected in this study were unicornuate uterus (3), bicornuate uterus (3), complete or partial septate uterus (12), arcuate uterus (9), and didelphic uterus (1). The diagnosis of mullerian duct anomalies in these patients was confirmed by laparoscopic and/or hysteroscopic examinations. Three-dimensional sonography demonstrated all congenital uterine abnormalities with a sensitivity and specificity of 100%. Separate uterus and bicornuate uterus could be correctly diagnosed using 3-dimensional sonography in 11 (92%) of 12 cases and 3 (100%) of 3 cases, respectively. These 2 abnormalities were commonly confused with each other using hysterosalpingography and conventional sonography. Conclusions. Three-dimensional sonography with image reconstruction is less expensive and less invasive than hysterosalpingography for the assessment of uterine anatomy and diagnosis of mullerian duct abnormalities. The ability to visualize both the uterine cavity and the myometrium on a 3-dimensional scan facilitates the diagnosis of uterine anomalies and enables the differentiation of septate from bicornuate uteri for preoperative surgical planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-492
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Ultrasound
Issue number9
StatePublished - 11 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Mullerian duct anomaly
  • Three-dimensional ultrasonography


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