Detection of human papillomaviruses in exfoliated cervicovaginal cells by in situ DNA hybridization analysis

C. C. Pao, C. H. Lai, S. Y. Wu, K. C. Young, P. L. Chang, Y. K. Soong

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

A total of 851 specimens of exfoliated cervicovaginal cells and 27 specimens of male urethral smears obtained from 706 individuals with various clinical findings were examined for the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, and 33 by in situ DNA hybridization analysis. The nonradioactive DNA in situ hybridization method used in this study showed no detectable cross-hybridization either among different types of HPV (except between types 6 and 11) or between HPV DNA and human cellular DNA. Furthermore, this system was found to be more sensitive than the Southern blotting method in detecting HPV. HPV was found in 233 of 276 (84.4%) and in 34 of 47 (72.3%) samples of cervicovaginal cells from patients with urogenital condylomata and cervical dysplasia, respectively. HPV was also detected in 6 of 39 (15.4%) women with normal cytological findings who were also symptom-free. Young women who were at low risk but were infected with HPV showed significantly reduced ratios of helper-inducer T lymphocytes to suppressor-cytotoxic T lymphocytes compared with those of uninfected normal controls (1.28 ± 0.31 versus 2.47 ± 0.64; P < 0.001). This in situ DNA hybridization method can have broad application to the screening of HPV in early lesions and in normal-looking tissues and may be used to identify patients at risk of more serious or possibly malignant progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-173
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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