Differentiation of primary central nervous system lymphomas and glioblastomas: Comparisons of diagnostic performance of dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion mr imaging without and with contrast-leakage correction

C. H. Toh*, K. C. Wei, C. N. Chang, S. H. Ng, H. F. Wong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contrast leakage results in underestimation of the CBV of brain tumors. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic performance of DSC perfusion MR imaging without and with mathematic contrast-leakage correction in differentiating PCNSLs and glioblastomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Perfusion parameters-CBV, corrected CBV, and leakage coefficient-were measured in enhancing tumor portions and contralateral NAWM of 15 PCNSLs and 20 glioblastomas, respectively. The ratios of CBV and corrected CBV were calculated by dividing the tumor values by those obtained from contralateral NAWM. A paired t test was used to compare tumor K2 and NAWM K2, as well as tumor CBV ratios without and with leakage correction. Comparisons of CBV, corrected CBV, and K2 between PCNSLs and glioblastomas were done by using a 2-sample t test. The diagnostic performance of DSC perfusion MR imaging without and with contrast-leakage correction was assessed with receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: PCNSLs and glioblastomas demonstrated higher K2 than those in their contralateral NAWM. Corrected CBV ratios were significantly higher than the uncorrected ones for both tumors. PCNSLs had lower CBV ratios (P .001), lower corrected CBV ratios (P .001), and higher K2 (P.001) compared with glioblastomas. In differentiating between PCNSLs and glioblastomas, the area under the curve of the CBV ratio, corrected CBV ratio, and K2 were 0.984, 0.940, and 0.788, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: PCNSL can be differentiated from glioblastoma with CBV ratios, corrected CBV ratios, and K2. CBV without contrastleakage correction seems to have the best diagnostic performance in differentiating the 2 tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1145-1149
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 06 2013

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