Digital custom denture design with new abrasive computer tomography and rapid prototyping technologies

C. C. Chang, M. Y. Lee*, Y. C. Ku

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

8 Scopus citations


The fixed partial denture produced by conventional method is greatly relied on the skill and experience of dental technician. Its quality and accuracy depends mostly on the technician's subjective judgment. In addition, the manual process involves many procedures that require a long time to complete. Most important, it does not preserve any quantitative information for future retrieval. In this article, a new device for scanning denture images and reconstructing 3D digital information of dental model by abrasive computer tomography (ACT) was designed in-house and proposed. The fixed partial denture was then produced by the rapid prototyping (RP) and computer numerical control (CNC) machining methods based on ACT scanned digital information. A force feedback sculptor (FreeForm system, Sensible Technologies Inc., USA) accompany with 3D Touch technology was applied to modify the morphology design of denture. It enables the dentist to perform digital manipulation of denture profile with real-time and user-friendly human interactive operation without relying on CAD/CAM technician of dental technician. In this article, the comparison of conventional manual operation and digital manufacture using both RP and CNC machining technologies for denture production was presented. In addition, a digital custom denture manufacturing protocol integrating proposed computer abrasive teeth profile scanning, computer-aided denture design, 3D touchable force feedback feature modification and advanced denture manufacturing techniques were suggested. These proposed methods provide solid evidence that digital design and manufacturing technologies may become a new avenue custom-made denture design, analysis, and production in 21th century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-123
Number of pages9
JournalBiomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - 25 06 2003


  • Abrasive computer tomography
  • CNC machining
  • Digital custom denture design
  • Freeform system
  • Rapid prototyping


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