Dynamics and steady-state analysis of an unstirred chemostat model with internal storage and toxin mortality

Xi Wei, Guangsheng Wei, Feng Bin Wang*, Hua Nie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations


This study proposes and analyzes a reaction–diffusion system describing the competition of two species for a single limiting nutrient that is stored internally in an unstirred chemostat, in which each species also produces a toxin that increases the mortality of its competitors. The possibility of coexistence and bistability for the model system is studied by the theory of uniform persistence and topological degree theory in cones, respectively. More precisely, the sharp a priori estimates for nonnegative solutions of the system are first established, which assure that all of nonnegative solutions belong to a special cone. Then it turns out that coexistence and bistability can be determined by the sign of the principal eigenvalues associated with specific nonlinear eigenvalue problems in the special positive cones. The local stability of two semi-trivial steady states cannot be studied via the technique of linearization since a singularity arises from the linearization around those steady states. Instead, we introduce a 1-homogeneous operator to rigorously investigate their local stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103044
JournalNonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications
StatePublished - 04 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Allelopathy
  • Coexistence
  • Degree theory in cones
  • Internal storage
  • Uniform persistence
  • Unstirred chemostat


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