Effect of alkyl group on the chain extension of phosphites in polylactide

Xin Meng, Shengjie Zhu, Weiguang Gong, Lih Sheng Turng, Zhong Xin*, Guotao Shi, Jing Peng, Yaoqi Shi, Weijie Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

2 Scopus citations


Polylactide (PLA), which is synthesized from natural resources and can degrade easier, possesses high mechanical strength, so it is a reasonable substitute for petroleum-based plastics. Phosphites can increase the stability of PLA through chain extension with the hydroxyl and carboxyl groups simultaneously. But there are few reports on the structural effects of phosphites on the chain extension of PLA. In this article, three kinds of phosphites with different amounts of aryl and alkyl groups were used as chain extenders in PLA and were compared in detail. The molecular weights, complex viscosities, and storage moduli of virgin PLA and PLA stabilized by three different phosphites were characterized by gel permeation chromatography and rheometry. The results show that the presence of alkyl groups is not beneficial for chain extension, as the more alkyl groups there are, the worse the chain extension is. Regarding the three phosphite chain extenders added to PLA—triphenylphosphite (TPP), diphenylisooctylphosphite (PTC), and phenyldiisooctylphosphite (PDOP)—the number of alkyl groups in them can be ranked as follows: PDOP > PTC > TPP. Since PDOP had the most alkyl groups, the chain extension of PDOP was the weakest. In addition, the product, which was formed due to the chain extension of PLA and TPP, had some plastication, thus enabling PLA to move more freely and making it easier to process. J. VINYL ADDIT. TECHNOL., 25:144–148, 2019.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-148
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vinyl and Additive Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 05 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Society of Plastics Engineers


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