Effect of Blue Light–Filtering Intraocular Lenses on Insomnia After Cataract Surgery: A Nationwide Cohort Study With 10-Year Follow-up

Lai Chu See, Pei Ru Li, Ken Kuo Lin, Chiun Ho Hou, Jiahn Shing Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare the incidence of clinically diagnosed insomnia after cataract surgery in pseudophakic eyes with blue light–filtering intraocular lenses (BF-IOLs) and non-BF-IOLs. DESIGN: Nationwide cohort study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. METHODS: We enrolled 171,415 patients who underwent cataract surgery in both eyes between 2008 and 2013 and followed them till 2018. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to balance the baseline characteristics between the 2 IOL groups. The Cox model and cause-specific hazard model were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and subdistribution hazard ratio (SHR). RESULTS: Overall, 19,604 (11.4%) and 151,811 (88.6%) patients had BF-IOL and non-BF-IOL implants, respectively. The BF-IOL group tended to be younger and had fewer chronic diseases. Within a mean follow-up period of 6.2 years, the incidence rates of insomnia (per 100 person-years) in the BF-IOL and non-BF-IOL groups were 2.97 and 3.21, respectively. There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of insomnia between the 2 IOL groups after treating all-cause mortality as a competing risk (SHR 0.98, 95% CI 0.95-1.01) and after PSM (HR 0.97, 95% CI 0.92-1.01), respectively. Subgroup analysis revealed no significant difference in the insomnia rate between the 2 IOL groups for various age groups, 2 sex groups, and men with and without benign prostatic hyperplasia. CONCLUSION: In Taiwan, the use of a BF-IOL for up to 10 years had no apparent disadvantage over non-BF-IOLs with respect to insomnia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-36
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume239
DOIs
StatePublished - 07 2022

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.

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