Effect of passive repetitive isokinetic training on cytokines and hormonal changes

Shu Lin Lee, Kenny Wen Chyuan Chen, Szu Tah Chen, Po Ju Chu, Chuan Show Chen, Mei Chich Hsu, Tzyy Yuang Shiang, Mao Kuan Su, Mu San Chang, Ying Ling Chang, Shyi Wu Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

10 Scopus citations


It is well known that muscle strength and power are important factors in exercise. Plyometrics is designed to gain muscle strength and power in a shock method. The passive repetitive isokinetic (PRI) machine is developed for plyometrics. The present study aims to understand the effect of ten-week PRI training in different intensities on human plasma concentration cytokines as well as hormonal changes. Thirty young male subjects were enrolled into the ten-week PRI training program and were divided randomly into traditional, low-and high-intensity PRI training groups. Blood samples were obtained before, during, after and 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-and 7-day (D) post-training. The plasma concentrations of cytokines and hormones were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Elevated plasma IL-2 was found in the subjects in all the training programs. Significant increases of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β and TNF-α were observed at post 7 D in the high-intensity PRI training (29.5 ± 4.4 and 515.8 ± 127.1 pg/ml, respectively). No significance in differences in the plasma concentration of IL-6 was observed in the traditional and low-intensity PRI training. Significant elevation of IL-6 was found at post 5 D in high-intensity PRI training. Higher plasma IL-6 concentration was observed at post 3 and 5 D in high-intensity PRI training compared to low-intensity PRI training (P < 0.05). Significant elevation of plasma IL-15 during (week 6) and after (post 0 D) was observed in lowintensity PRI training. Also, there were differences between low-intensity PRI training and traditional training at post 0, 2, 3, and 5 D. The plasma concentration of cortisol was decreased to the lowest value (118.0 ± 17.3 ng/ml) at post 0 D in traditional training, then returned to the baseline (220.5 ± 19.1 ng/ml). In the high-intensity PRI training, but not in the low-intensity PRI training, the cortisol level dropped from 224.9 ± 25.8 ng/ml at post 0 D down to the 123.2 ± 22.6 ng/ml at post 1 D. Significant differences were found at post 1 and 5 D between low-and high-intensity PRI training, and post 0, 1, 2, and 3 D between traditional and high-intensity PRI training. Significant increased testosterone was found post 0, 1, 2, and 3 D in traditional training. Higher plasma testosterone was observed during and the recovery period in low-intensity, but not in high-intensity, PRI training. In conclusion, high-intensity PRI training could induce the proinflammatory cytokines, i.e. IL-1β and TNF-α, and decrease plasma cortisol in the recovery period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-66
Number of pages12
JournalChinese Journal of Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2011


  • Cytokine
  • Hormone
  • Human
  • PRI
  • Passive repetitive isokinetic training


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of passive repetitive isokinetic training on cytokines and hormonal changes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this