Effect of spin polarization for hydrogen adsorbed on Si(111)(1×1) surface: First-principles calculations

B. R. Wu*, S. L. Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations


The role of spin polarization on adsorption of atomic and molecular hydrogen on Si(111)(1×1) surface is examined by comparing the results of the local spin density approximation (LSD) and those of the local density approximation (LDA). A large improvement of the adsorption energies (around 0.8 eV/H) was found for the H atom adsorbed on Si(111)(1×1) surface. The inclusion of spin polarization reduces the overbinding between the H atom and the silicon surface and its effect is much more pronounced when the H atom is far away from the surface. Despite of the large changes in the adsorption energies, the main character of the potential energy surface of the H atom on Si(111)(1×1) surface is retained. An opposite effect is found in the charge-density-transfer map of LSD results as compared to LDA results for the H atom approaching the surface through the H3 path, in which the H atom loses electrons rather than gains electrons from the surface. The fact that the H atom tends to lose electrons in the silicon bulk has already been reported by the experimental studies for the behavior of the H atom in the p-type silicon. For the molecular hydrogen on Si(111)(1×1) surface, the effect of the spin polarization is so small that it can be neglected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 15 07 2000
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of spin polarization for hydrogen adsorbed on Si(111)(1×1) surface: First-principles calculations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this