Effect of therapeutic ultrasound on tendons

Wen Chung Tsai*, S. F.T. Tang, Fang Chen Liang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Ultrasound is a therapeutic agent commonly used to treat sports-related musculoskeletal conditions, including tendon injuries or tendinopathy. Despite the widespread popularity of therapeutic ultrasound, few clinical studies have proved its efficacy. Several animal studies have been conducted to explore its effectiveness. In addition, a number of in vitro studies investigating the mechanisms underlying the ability of this physical modality to enhance tendon healing or to treat tendinopathy are in progress. There is strong supporting evidence from animal studies about the positive effects of ultrasound on tendon healing. In vitro studies have also demonstrated that ultrasound can stimulate cell migration, proliferation, and collagen synthesis of tendon cells that may benefit tendon healing. These positive effects of therapeutic ultrasound on tendon healing revealed by in vivo and in vitro studies help explain the physiologic responses to this physical modality and could serve as the foundation for clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1068-1073
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number12
StatePublished - 12 2011


  • Tendinopathy
  • Tendon Healing
  • Tendon Injuries
  • Ultrasound


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