Effects of hepatic steatosis on non-invasive liver fibrosis measurements between hepatitis B and other etiologies

Cheng Jen Chen, Pei Kwei Tsay, Shiu Feng Huang, Po Hsiang Tsui, Wan Ting Yu, Tse Hwa Hsu, Jennifer Tai, Dar In Tai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

5 Scopus citations


Fibrosis-4 (FIB4), transient elastography (TE), and acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) are popular modalities to assess liver fibrosis. Their cutoff values for degrees of fibrosis vary between studies. The influence of hepatic steatosis on fibrosis measurements for different etiologies was evaluated. Data from a consecutive series of patients who received fibrosis measurement were included for the training group. Anadditional serieswithhistology servedas the validationgroup. Astandardized protocol was performed for both TE and ARFI, mostly by a single technician. Patients with alcoholism, autoimmune disease, active inflammation, or who were receiving therapy were excluded. The training group included 215 patients and the validation group included 221. The correlation of liver stiffness between TE and ARFI was good (R2 linear = 0.798; p < 0.001). Different correlations between ARFI and TEwere noted between high and lowcontrol attenuation parameter (CAP) values (cutoff: 290 dB/m), especially in the non-hepatitis B subgroups. Relatively lower FIB4 and TE values were seen in the high CAP versus low CAP in patients with histology-proven non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and chronic hepatitis C. FIB4 cutoff values were > 25% lower among F2-F4 stages and the TE cutoff value for F4 was 8.5% lower in the high versus low CAP group. Such findings were not observed in chronic hepatitis B. Different fibrogenesis mechanisms between hepatitis B and non-B are discussed. We conclude that hepatic steatosis significantly impacts FIB4 and TE fibrosis measurements in non-hepatitis B-related liver diseases. Fibrosis grade should be interpreted with caution in severe steatosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1961
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number9
StatePublished - 01 05 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging
  • Liver fibrosis
  • Liver steatosis
  • Transient elastography
  • Viral hepatitis


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