Effects of streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B on pathogenesis of Streptococcus pyogenes

Chuan Chiang-Ni, Jiunn Jong Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus, GAS) is a ubiquitous and important human bacterial pathogen. This organism possesses several virulence factors to establish infection. One of these, the streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SpeB), is the predominant secreted cysteine protease of GAS. SpeB cleaves or degrades host serum proteins such as human extracellular matrix, immunoglobulins, complement components, and even GAS surface and secreted proteins. Destruction of both host and bacterial proteins makes SpeB the key virulence factor in GAS pathogenesis. Although several lines of evidence have shown that SpeB is an important virulence factor of GAS, its role in streptococcal infection remains controversial. Here, we review several publications and describe our current understanding of SpeB in GAS pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-685
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume107
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 09 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Group A streptococcus
  • Pathogenesis
  • SpeB

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